Content provided with permission of NSW Govt, Transport for NSW 2016.
Obey the road rules
Cyclists in NSW must obey the road rules. They must stop at red lights or stop signs, give way as indicated by road signs and give hand signals when changing direction. Under the Road Rules on the NSW legislation website, a bicycle is considered a vehicle and has the same road rules as other vehicles.
The NSW Government’s Go Together campaign has more information to help bicycle riders understand the new laws being introduced to help everyone respect each other’s space and safely.
Helmets and safety gear
In NSW, you are required by law to wear an approved helmet securely fitted and fastened when riding a bicycle. There are no exemptions from wearing an approved bicycle helmet.
Research shows that helmets reduce head injuries by up to 74 per cent in crashes with motor vehicles. A bicycle helmet that is not correctly fitted and fastened does not provide enough protection in a crash.
Accredited companies that certify bicycle helmets can be found on the JAS-ANZ website.
Replace your helmet if:
- It’s been dropped onto a hard surface or involved in a crash or severe fall
- You see any cracks in the foam
- The straps look worn or frayed
Wearing bright or light coloured clothing during the day and reflective clothing at night is necessary to make it easier for other road users to see you. If you have no reflective gear for night riding, a plain white top is the next best thing. Footwear that fully encloses the toes and heel helps protect your feet and may also provide pedal grip.
Lights and reflectors
If you ride at night or in hazardous weather conditions, you must display:
- A steady or flashing white light on the front and a steady or flashing red light on the rear of the bike that is visible for at least 200 metres
- A red reflector on the rear of the bike that is visible for at least 50 metres when illuminated by a vehicle’s headlight on low beam
Using shared paths
To avoid collisions on shared paths used by pedestrians and bicycle riders, cyclists need to watch for pedestrians and other cyclists and follow a few simple rules.
When riding on a shared path, always make sure you:
- Give way to pedestrians
- Provide pedestrians with a metre of space when passing
- Keep to the left
- Use your bell to warn others when you are approaching
- Be careful around young children, dogs and older pedestrians
- Travel at a safe speed