Content is provided with permission of State of Queensland, Department of Transport and Main Roads 2016.
Bicycle road rules and safety
Cyclists must obey the general road rules as well as the specific road rules for bicycle riders.
Bicycles are considered vehicles, and when you ride a bicycle on a Queensland road, you have rights and responsibilities like all other road users.
If you commit an offence as a bicycle rider, you will receive a fine for the same amount as a motorist would, but you will not accumulate demerit points.
There is no minimum age limit for the issuing of fines by the police.
Common offences specific to bicycle riders include:
- carrying more passengers than a bicycle is designed for
- failing to give way to pedestrians on a footpath or shared path
- failing to display a light at night or in hazardous weather conditions.
When you ride a bicycle, you must:
- sit with 1 leg on each side of the seat
- face forwards
- keep at least 1 hand on the handlebars
- Use a hand signal when you turn right
- Keep at least 2m between you and the back of a motor vehicle when you follow that vehicle for over 200m
On Queensland roads, you must not:
- ride a bicycle that is being towed by another vehicle
- hold on to a moving vehicle while riding a bicycle
- lead an animal
- be a traffic hazard
When you ride, you must:
- keep as close to the left as practicable on a road that is not a multi-lane road
- on a multi-lane road, you can take up any position within the lane
- ride to the left of any oncoming vehicle
- not overtake another vehicle on the left if that vehicle is turning left and indicating they will turn left
- not overtake another vehicle on the left if it is not safe to do so
- not ride with more than 2 riders side by side unless you are overtaking
- ride within 1.5m of the other rider if you are travelling side by side with someone.
A bicycle rider may ride on the hard shoulder to the left of an edge line.
Bicycle helmets and cameras
When you ride a bicycle, you must wear an Australian Standard AS 2063 or AS/NZS 2063 approved bicycle helmet. You must securely fit and fasten it.
A camera can be attached to a bicycle helmet, as long as the helmet remains compliant with the above mentioned standards, and is an approved attachment (according to the helmet manufacturer).
You may use a camera mounted on your bicycle or a body mounted camera as an alternative.
Laws for motorists passing bicycle riders
Motorists must be a minimum lateral distance of:
- 1m when passing a bicycle rider in a 60km/h or less speed zone
- 1.5m where the speed limit is over 60km/h.
Passing a bicycle rider means that a driver and the bicycle rider are travelling in the same direction. This includes when you are travelling side-by-side in separate lanes on a multi-lane road. It does not apply if you are travelling in opposite directions, or when you are on the other side of the road to a bicycle rider.
The minimum passing distance applies even if the bicycle rider is riding around an obstacle.
These road rules apply to all motor vehicles including cars, motorcycles, heavy vehicles and public transport vehicles.
Motorists will get 3 demerit points and a $365 fine if they do not give the minimum distance when you pass a bicycle rider. If the matter goes to court, a maximum fine of more than $4,800 may apply.
Further information for Queensland Cycling Road Rules can be found here: